Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU
The transition period for the new Radio Equipment Directive (RED) is nearing its end. After 13 June 2017, only products conforming to the RED can be made available on the market.
The transition period for the new Radio Equipment Directive (RED) is nearing its end. At the moment, manufacturers can indicate the conformity of radio equipment either according to the Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment (R&TTE) Directive or the RED, but after 13 June 2017, only products conforming to the RED can be made available on the market.
The lack of harmonised standards, which are published in the Official Journal of the European Union, before the implementation of the RED has created a challenge for the application of the new RED. Consequently, manufacturers cannot directly indicate that radio equipment fulfils the essential requirements of the Directive by using harmonised standards, but instead they must request a statement on the conformity to the Directive from a Notified Body. This requirement applies only to the Directive’s Article 3.2 (radio spectrum requirements) and Article 3.3 (essential requirements for radio equipment within certain categories or classes).
When a statement on a product’s conformity to the Directive is requested from a Notified Body, the manufacturer must draw up a technical file that is used for evaluating the product’s conformity to the Directive. Identification and evaluation of risks has been introduced as a new requirement in the Directive. Manufacturers must identify possible risks and essential requirements related to the conformity of the equipment and analyse whether the requirements are sufficient and fulfilled. Risk evaluation must be documented by the manufacturer and included in the technical file.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), which produces standards for radio equipment, is well under way in updating the standards. It is also publishing standards in rapid succession. Nevertheless, listing them as harmonised standards will take its time because the listing requires approval from the European Commission and publication in the Official Journal.
However, some of the most used radio equipment standards have already been published in the list of harmonised standards. For example, EN 300 328 v2.1.1 was published on the list on 13 January 2017. The standard relates to radio equipment based on wide bandwidth data transmission technologies, such as Bluetooth and WLAN. The newest version of the standard includes new tests because the receiver properties must fulfil the essential requirements of the RED. This signifies that additional tests must be conducted to equipment in order to ensure that they fulfil the requirements of the standard and the conformity to the Directive can be established before 13 June 2017.
Changes will also be made to the EMC standards of radio equipment. EN 301 489-1 v2.1.1, the basic EMC standard for radio equipment, will have a new requirement for testing immunity to radio frequency interference up to 6 GHz from the current 2.7 GHz. Product-specific standards of the EN 301 489 series determine the final date when products must also fulfil the requirements of the newest EN 301 489-1 (2.1.1) standard. Other changes to the standards of the EN 301 489 series include for example the transition of EMC requirements relating to equipment using GSM and 3G technology from the EN 301 489-7 and EN 301 489-24 standards to EN 301 489-52 standard.
SGS Fimko has the readiness to test radio equipment according to the new requirements, including for example testing immunity to radio frequency interference up to 6 GHz and the receiver tests. By making the tests as soon as possible, manufacturers can ensure that their products conform to the requirements starting from 13 June 2017.
SGS Fimko is also a Notified Body (ID no. 0598) in accordance with the RED, which means we are able to evaluate technical files from manufacturers if necessary, in case the product standards used in testing are not harmonised.
Jari Merikari, Technical Manager (EMC & RF)
+358 40 550 5008